20th Century Masterpieces : : Swan Chair

[ #18 | “The Swan™” Easy Chair ]

1958. Model No.3320.
Designed by Arne Jacobsen

Polyurethane foam structure with glass fibre reinforcement.
Casted aluminium base. Seat upholstered in black leather.
Developed for the SAS Royal Hotel of Copenhagen.
Height 77 cm. Width 74 cm. Depth 68 cm. Seat Height 40 cm.

20th Century Masterpieces : : Swan Chair by Arne Jacobsen | from drezier’s blog [20th Century Masterpieces : : Swan Chair] dated 2017

“Swan Chair ” ^ Copyright © Alan TF So

繼實現真正整合設計(Gesamtkunstwerk)的 SAS 皇家酒店,Arne Jacobsen 隨後錄陸續承接不同大型項目,有位於丹麥的勒藻勒市政大廈(Rødovre Town Hall)、位於英國的牛津大學聖凱瑟琳學院(St. Catherine’s College, Oxford)等。牛津大學聖凱瑟琳學院是他最巔峰之作,整合設計的典範。整個學院佔地 8公頃,全部一磚一瓦、一花一草都全由 Arne Jacobsen 設計、挑選身與整合,就連池塘內的魚類也由他決定。此項目在 1962 年完工啟用,並於 1993 年列入英國一級歷史建築物


“If a building becomes architecture, then it is art.(當一座建築物成為建築風格,此乃藝術也。)” – Arne Jacobsen

說回 SAS 皇家酒店設計,當時隨了上一回說介紹的 The Egg™ 外,另一設計 The Swan™ 亦是同年的經典傑作之設計師椅子。「天鵝椅」設計幾乎無有一條直線,雙扶手向外延伸,似展翼飛舞天鵝,「有機體設計」(organic design)之極致。而製作方法,與「蛋形椅」同樣以泡沫化聚氨酯(polyurethane foam)加入玻璃纖維(fiberglass),注模整座椅主體,把玩構造材料之限。外包裹方面,亦用上兩塊原幅牛皮革或布料,上下各一幅包裹,緣著近背部邊陲人手縫合。

此椅子成普及經典,其中一個因素是 The Swan™ 為少數仍在量產中,很多設計師椅子生產困難而售價高昂。

>>> Index 索引 : : 20th Century Masterpieces Chair Series
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